Identifying Career and Employment
How to identify potential career / employment
areas and sources of vacancies.
that you look at what is in
Job Search Assistance / Resource Centre
- includes free unique job search information aimed to assist you to
get that job of your choice.
This section, Identifying Career and Employment Opportunities,
is extremely useful for getting information on your industry, where
the jobs are, and material to assist you to make a career choice by;
Taking control of
your career by
and companies that have
in your skill area or occupation/trade.
Using this same research to decide on which
skills you need to
an insight into the labour market to
employers / jobs.
Assisting you to
develop an action plan
to provide a framework for your career development or job
Control the job search process by
your job search efforts
making your job search easier and more manageable.
Save you money and time - minimising overall job search time
and reducing time spent unemployed.
You can find career or job opportunities in areas where there is
less competition, increasing chances of being hired.
Increasing knowledge of your industry leads
to better interview performance.
See what employer's want so you can
address their needs more effectively to possibly gain an
By the time you have
completed your employment market research, your approach, no matter
what process you use to find career and job opportunities, will be
far more effective.
Don't get bogged
down in research.
Don't overdo the research at the expense of
applying the knowledge.
Know when to stop and make sure your reading
Decide how much time are
you going to invest in your job search?
Set goals with
Write them down.
Keep comprehensive records.
For more comprehensive information about developing a research plan
Conducting research is not for everyone. There are many
people who will not want to do research because it is not the way their
brain works. They can work better without structure. if you are one of these
people don't worry. Do not stress yourself out by this method, just take
what you need or want.
Just a word of warning.
Before you start looking for career or
employment opportunities, you might want to do a skills
analysis. Prepare a précis of your
unique skills, interests and values or take a test to re-affirm your
"Personal Career Analysis"
Before you start -
Are you job ready?
See this article
Are you job ready - What are your skills worth in the
Having a focus will help you conduct a more effective and efficient
targeted job search.
Use the internet to conduct research
All resources provide
information on career or employment opportunities. The
information has been gathered for the Australian job market.
However, other counties will have similar resources. If you are
moving interstate, or making career decisions you must look at
The Hudson Report.
The Hudson Report
This comprehensive report provides labour / labor market statistics,
employer recruitment expectations, employment trends and predictions of
future labour / labor needs. It is broken up into each state.
The Hudson Report is also
produced and published in various countries across the Asia
Pacific region, with surveys also conducted throughout
New Zealand, Hong
Kong, Singapore, Japan and China.
The Hudson Report is an excellent resource for looking for
employment or career opportunities, especially if you are
deciding what areas to study or what skills to learn, and for
immigration research. If you are thinking of immigrating to
Australia and unsure of which state to settle in this is very
Utilise all government
listed in this section have counterparts in all states, territories and
countries such as The Department of Labor/Labour and Industry. All
other information is generic and unique
to this site.The
first stop is:-
The next source of career and
employment related information is the
published by the Australian Federal Government (Australia).
You can use the publication to see how many industries there are that use
people with your skills/job classification. For example, the Job Guide
states that Call Centre Operators “work in a diverse range of industries
such as banking, insurance, tourism, government agencies, utilities and
Guide identifies the skills and education level needed for the job as well
as career and employment opportunities. It also provides you with
some Industry Associations where you can do further research (all
have web sites) and also shows related jobs. For example, a related
job for a Call Centre Operator is a Telemarketer. Further, it will
advise you if there are any certified training courses available.
also find job descriptions and training requirements for every
job classification. If your job or preferred career is not listed in the
Job Guide you will need to do further research. The following
information is just a guide. It doesn’t mention trade journals which
are an excellent source of information. Most people will know of these
resources if they belong to an occupation that produces industry journals.
The Job Guide can be found online HERE
Department of Treasury and Finance
Provide monthly labour /
labor force statistics under latest publications in the menu on the
right hand side of the home page. They also provide wages/ salary
information. These publications are useful for potential immigrants
or anyone thinking of moving to WA. Also they provide information on
career opportunities as most government websites do.
Department of Employment and Workplace
The most valuable employment market research for Australia, is the
Australian Jobs 2008
yearly). On this revamped site there are several excellent
Market Analysis". is updated quarterly. You will
find information on the labour market in your area and other
Here you will get information on
every topic of interest to the jobseeker. This includes occupations,
industry and most importantly "where the jobs will be" in the future.
It is particularly good for job seekers looking for a new career or
employment opportunities, career direction or for students
planning their career, especially in regional areas.
Australian Government Websites
Links to Commonwealth, State, Territory and Local Government
The Department of Education and Training in Western
site another excellent resource for any other career or job information in
Western Australia. They also have a Job Guide, although it is related
about how to find jobs and provides job search information.
state/territory/country will have their own resources. I know people
rarely access this valuable data. I have used it training for many years
with a great deal of success. There are many categories to look at. See
Jobs and Careers
State Education and Training Departments
Jobs in Local Government
Australian Local Government
This is an excellent source of
information If you are looking for career opportunities
in local government. It provides details of all
Councils, along with details of State and Territory
Associations and Commonwealth, State and Territory Local
Government Departments. Select the ‘Links’ tab from the home
Australian Local Government Job Directory
is a weekly publication distributed Australia
wide. Local Government officers all over Australia see
the Directory every week - apart from its obvious
career-related function, the Directory is also used by
people in Local Government as a networking tool to keep in
touch with what's happening in the industry on a weekly
Jobs in State and Federal and Government /Agencies
The Government departments have websites that provide labour/labor market
information, government projects and employment trends plus links to other
sites. Once again an excellent resource for career and employment
Federal Government job site provides jobs and career
information in all Departments
or go to the
home page and search for employment opportunities. (May be
performing maintenance on weekends)
State Public Service
See all the jobs available in the public service, the job requirements
and salary. You can also sign up and be advised if a job comes up in your area
registering with "email me jobs". You can also use this site to see what
qualification and experience is required to work in the State Public Service and
how to apply. It also provides application information. You can also find
information on jobs for Indigenous Australians in the Australian Public
Service and graduate links. Closed jobs are still listed.
Other valuable information is the latest information about the Public Service
Test, for career opportunities in the public service and clerical
entry level 1 information.
West Australian Government Agency Site
You will be surprised at the number of government agencies. The site contains
direct links to each agency.
Australian Industry Group
The Australian Industry Group
(Ai Group) is Australia’s leading industry organisation
representing ten thousand employers in manufacturing,
construction, automotive, telecommunications, IT, transport,
labour hire and other industries. A.I. Group’s members
operate businesses of all sizes throughout Australia and
represent a broad and expanding range of sectors. (source:
Employers / Industry Associations
Association may be able to assist you with career opportunities and
if you ask in the right manner. You need to ask if they can provide you with
information about your industry at this present time. They may
know who is recruiting and who isn’t, which industries are downsizing and
others that are growing, which is valuable employment information.
Some companies do not recruit for 10 years because their workplace is so
stable – so why not eliminate them if you can. Employer Associations
can be found under some of the links under unions.
Use the Google search
to look for job opportunities or careers. If
looking for an engineering graduate programme put in
Engineer+ graduate+ recruitment;
for recruitment in HRM try
human resource management +New
South Wales; graduate
recruitment+finance + Western Australia;
job vacancies + Banking+ entry level + your state.
Experiment with different searches.
THESE KEYWORDS USE A PLUS SIGN TO PUT YOUR OWN STATE, OR COUNTRY.
MANY RECRUITMENT FIRMS ARE NATIONAL. THESE ARE JUST EXAMPLES.
SEMI COLUM IS JUST ON THIS PAGE TO SEPARATE GROUPS. DO NOT PUT IN
Use Key words only - upper or lower case and separate with and Add
For larger listed companies
(companies listed on the Stock Exchange) you can get a report though
If you are a high flyer and want to
pursue career opportunities in the top companies try
for the top 500 companies worldwide.
SMDC has a
book titled Directory of Australian Associations, which you can view.
This will take some time. It is updated every three months and is not
in your local library. Your state, Territory or country will have the
Chamber of Commerce may be able to help you with information about companies
in your area.
Business Enterprise Centres.
If you can’t get into the city many regional centres have a Business
Enterprise Centre. Although their mandate is to assist small business,
the business advisors are usually very helpful and may be able to give you
some advice. Most centres have a computer you can use. However, please
note that each centre
may operate differently.
Gold Mines in Western Australia
– read them with an career or employment goal in mind.
Read all sections
Professional Appointments and Situations Vacant.
information that tells you about a company.
Use it to cold call. For example, if you
see a mining company is recruiting a Project Officer you can investigate
what is happening in that company. Is there a new contract coming up?
If so, when will they be recruiting, and how?. Have they subcontracted
out? If they have, who are they and how can you contact them?
Look at the growth companies. Wait until they have completed recruitment for
their current job before you contact them.
Also have a look at
the "Tenders Section". Find out what tenders have been let by
and private companies for sub contractors. You can ring them at a
reasonable time and see who won the tenders. They may be looking for
Also note vacancies placed by employment agencies/search firms and see what
their specialist areas are.
more to using the yellow pages than you may imagine.
example, if you are a carpenter and are looking for companies to cold
canvass that use carpenters where, would you look?
Think about the type of businesses that use carpenters.
Brainstorm, write a list and then see if you can find the types
of companies listed in the yellow pages.
page numbers. For example would a kitchen renovation company use a
carpenter? No, they use cabinet makers. Builders use carpenters
for formwork and in new homes for construction. You may find builders under
Builders, or New Home Construction or a number of other entries.
However, carpenters are also used on bridges, dams, power stations and civil
engineering construction and cross over all industries.
a list of industries and then go through the yellow pages
thoroughly to find possible employers.
Think laterally and if you are not sure ring a company and they
will be able to tell you what is the norm in the industry and
may give you a lead.
If you have
a Commerce Degree, for example, where in the yellow pages will you look for
possible employment or career opportunities. Firstly, you would have
identified your employment strengths and may want to target companies who
have positions in the following categories, for example.
yellow pages is not as simple as ABC and it will take you time to
identify possible employers. However once you have done this exercise
you are halfway to developing a targeting or action plan.
Universities/Colleges - Alumni Association
Always a good source for graduate career opportunities.
Most universities keep in
contact with former graduates via Alumni memberships and publish details of
their career progression. These members would not share this information if they
were not prepared to act as a contact/mentor within an industry. So utilise them
as you would any other person within your network
Please remember that in
Australia all companies with graduate programmes commence recruitment
for final year graduates early in the new year - March - June, sometimes as late
as July. Be prepared and have a good resume ready.
Unions - A Great Source of Hidden”
relevant now in this industrial relations climate, but still
worth a try. By investigating which industry union covers your job
classification, you can find a lot of information not usually sourced.
Some awards will give you information about the "respondents to
(employers), which will give you a list of companies to target. For example,
a graphic artist, has two different Federal Awards and if you can find
out which unions covers these awards under Parties to the
you may be able to find out the Respondents to the
exercise can really open up you job search area. It will
assist you to target companies that
graphic artists, that are not clearly identified in the yellow pages under
Note, you may be covered by a State or
Federal awards. So check both.
How to check the awards
way to find out the respondents is the check the actual award. This
can be done on-line by visiting the index link in the
Western Australian Industrial Relations Commission
website Go to the awards link and you will see an alphabetical
listing. Select the award from your list and the
respondents (employers) are usually shown at the back or near the back
of the awards. This is useful. Note. You may miss the link it is
over under the "Search Box"
As a trial,
try searching for clerks (Commercial Social and Professional…) Because
clerks can be found across industries it will give you a start on some
companies to contact. Remember, they may longer exist. Cleaner’s
awards are also interesting examples to use to see how this tool can assist
you to find employers, although some awards don’t show the respondents. Note
that this is not the full lit of respondents; you will need to look at
Workplace Agreements and Enterprise Agreement as well as Employer/Employee
Agreements. However this will be for the committed researcher.
Australia, UK and USA
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